The existence of kings or monarchical systems of rule has its roots in various historical, cultural and political developments. In early history, monarchies emerged as forms of political organisation, with leaders of tribes or communities becoming kings on the basis of merit, leadership skills, warrior qualities or succession. This formed the historical background for the monarchy. Monarchies were often seen as a means of maintaining order and stability. The idea of a fixed ruler helped to minimise internal unrest and create a clear mechanism for the transfer of power.
Another factor was divine legitimisation, especially in societies where the rule of a king was seen as divinely legitimised. Monarchs were seen as chosen by higher powers or ruling by divine right, which consolidated their position and authority. Monarchs were able to make more efficient decisions than collective bodies, which was seen as particularly advantageous in times of war or crisis. Monarchy was seen as an integral part of cultural identity and tradition in some societies. Monarchs often had a symbolic role, representing the unity and continuity of a nation.
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